Saturday, January 22, 2022

Pied avocet

Pied avocet
Pied avocet

 
















Pied avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta)

The pied avocet is a large black and white wader in the avocet and stilt family, Recurvirostridae. They breed in temperate Europe and across the Palearctic to Central Asia then on to the Russian Far East. It is a migratory species and most winter in Africa or southern Asia.

The pied avocet is a striking white wader with bold black markings. Adults have white plumage except for a black cap and black patches in the wings and on the back. They have long, upturned bills and long, bluish legs. It is approximately 16.5–17.75 in (41.9–45.1 cm) in length of which the bill is approximately 2.95–3.35 in (7.5–8.5 cm) and the legs are approximately 3–4 in (7.6–10.2 cm). Its wingspan is approximately 30–31.5 in (76–80 cm).Males and females look alike. The juvenile resembles the adult but with more greyish and sepia tones.

Habitat

These pied avocet species do not normally occur in forests. These species occur in altitudes from 0 to 3000 meters.The natural ecosystems of these pied avocet species include flooded tropical and subtropical grasslands, montane wetlands, river deltas, floodplains, freshwater lakes, coastal lagoons, marine lakes, brackish water lakes, intertidal mudflats, estuaries, marshes and alkaline lakes.

Diet

These birds forage in shallow brackish water or on mud flats, often scything their bills from side to side in water (a feeding technique that is unique to the avocets. They mainly eat crustaceans and insects.

Breeding habits

The breeding season of these pied avocet species varies vastly over their massive range. In general the breeding season in colder ranges is from April to August. In warm tropics and subtropics the breeding season is from June to November.The nesting sites of pied avocets are located in flat open areas on shallow freshwater, brackish water or saline wetlands, marshes, shallow lake edges, flooded fields, irrigated areas, coastal lagoons, mudflats and swamps.The pied avocet nest is a bare shallow depression or scrape on sand, dried mud, short grass, dead vegetation or a mound of plant debris. These birds nest in large, close colonies. The typical clutch may contain 3-5 pale buff colored eggs with a few small dark spots.These avocets are very noisy and highly aggressive during breeding season. They lower their head and neck chase away birds and other animals approaching their nest or entering their breeding territory.

Range

India,Bangladesh,Pakistan,Sri lanka,Bhutan,Nepal and Maldives.


Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link

Sources Of Information

Birds of the Indian Subcontinent by Grimmett, Carol Inskipp and Tim Inskipp, ISBN 0-691-04910-6

Wikipedia


Please don't use these images anywhere without permission. © All rights reserved by www.subcontinentbirds.com

Friday, January 21, 2022

White-tailed stonechat

White-tailed stonechat
White-tailed stonechat

 















White-tailed stonechat (Saxicola leucurus)

The white-tailed stonechat is a species of bird in the family Muscicapidae.White-tailed stonechats are resident in suitable marshy habitats across plains in Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh and India. The male has black head, white collar and bright rufous chest patch. The back and wings are dark, with white on wing coverts and rump.The female is very similar to female european stonechat, but is overall paler with duller rump, tail and wings.

Habitat

Tall Grassland

Range

Pakistan,India,Bangladesh and Nepal.

Sources Of Information

Birds of the Indian Subcontinent by Grimmett, Carol Inskipp and Tim Inskipp, ISBN 0-691-04910-6 

Please don't use these images anywhere without permission. © All rights reserved by www.subcontinentbirds.com



Tuesday, January 4, 2022

Slaty-breasted rail

Slaty-breasted rail
                                                             Slaty-breasted rail
 

Slaty-breasted rail

The slaty-breasted rail (Lewinia striata) is a rail species native to the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia.Breeding has been recorded in July near Dehradun in the foothills of the Indian Himalayas.

Habitat

These Lewinia rail species inhabits marshes, wetlands, reed-marsh, dense scrub jungles with water sources and mangroves.

Diet

The slaty-breasted rail feeds on marsh vegetation, seeds, shoots, berries, mollusks, worms, spiders, insect larvae and a variety of insects including ants, grasshoppers and beetles.

Range

Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, India Nepal and Bhutan.

External Links:Conservation Status:IUCN Red List Page

Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link

Sources Of Information

Birds of the Indian Subcontinent by Grimmett, Carol Inskipp and Tim Inskipp, ISBN 0-691-04910-6

Wikipedia


Please don't use these images anywhere without permission. © All rights reserved by www.subcontinentbirds.com


Tuesday, July 27, 2021

Grey heron (Ardea cinerea)

grey heron
Grey Heron

 















Grey heron (Ardea cinerea)

The grey heron (Ardea cinerea) is a long-legged predatory wading bird of the heron family, Ardeidae, native throughout temperate Europe and Asia and also parts of Africa. It is resident in much of its range, but some populations from the more northern parts migrate southwards in autumn. A bird of wetland areas, it can be seen around lakes, rivers, ponds, marshes and on the sea coast. It feeds mostly on aquatic creatures which it catches after standing stationary beside or in the water or stalking its prey through the shallows.

Grey Herons have pale grey upperparts and greyish white underparts. Their heads are mainly white, except for a black stripe extending from above their eyes to the back of their necks, where some of their feathers are elongated to form a crest. Adults in breeding plumage may have pinkish colouring on the sides of their necks, and a few rows of dark streaks on their necks and chests. Grey Herons have yellow or yellowish orange beaks, dull brown legs and yellow irises.Immature Grey Herons generally resemble adults, but have more grey colouring on their caps and necks (and no pinkish colouring on the neck). Their beaks are more brownish and their irises are white.

Habitat

lakes, rivers, ponds, marshes and on the sea coast.

Diet

Lurks motionlessly in ambush along shores, waiting for fish and small aquatic animals to pass within reach.

Range

Nepal,Bhutan,Bangladesh,India,Sri Lanka and Pakistan


Please don't use these images anywhere without permission. © All rights reserved by www.subcontinentbirds.com

External Links:Conservation Status:IUCN Red List Page

Wikipedia Entry: Wikipedia Link

Sources Of Information

Birds of the Indian Subcontinent by Grimmett, Carol Inskipp and Tim Inskipp, ISBN 0-691-04910-6

Wikipedia

Saturday, April 17, 2021

Red-headed trogon-( Harpactes erythrocephalus)

Red-headed trogon

 





















Red-headed trogon-( Harpactes erythrocephalus)

The red-headed trogon is on average 34 cm (13 in) in length. The male has a red head and breast, a unique feature in the Trogon group. The female resembles the Diard's trogon without a speckled undertail.The red-headed trogon (Harpactes erythrocephalus) is a species of bird in the family Trogonidae.The head, neck and upper breast of an adult male is dull crimson. A narrow white band crosses the mid breast, underneath which the lower breast to abdomen is light red to pink. Pale red can be observed on the flanks whereas the mantle and back of the bird are rusty brown. The male perches on branches with the support of mauve-blue legs. Regarding wing colouration, the lesser and median wing coverts, secondary coverts, as well as outer webs of tertials and secondaries are vermiculated black and white. The primary feathers also appear black and white. As for the bird's long tail, the central feathers are dark brown with a black tip, the second and third pairs are black and the outer pairs are white with black bases. Finally, a black-tipped cobalt blue bill, a deep mauve-blue gape and eyering and reddish-brown irises shape the bird's face.The head, neck and upper breast of an adult female are olive-brown. Just like the male, a narrow white band crosses the mid breast, underneath which the lower breast to abdomen is light red to pink. The mantle and back appear orange to brown in colour. The wings are vermiculated dark brown and yellowish brown. The tail feathers are very similar to those of the males. The bill, gape and bare eyering are pale blue on females.At the juvenile stage, the head, neck and upper-parts are buff brown, whereas the underparts appear buff white. No black tip on the narrower central tail feathers can be observed.

The red-headed trogon is widely distributed from central Nepal, Southeast Asia, southern China to Sumatra. It is uncommon to scarce in Nepal where habitat destruction most certainly explains a rapid decline in population numbers. It is fairly common in northeastern India, frequent in Bhutan, and locally dispersed in Bangladesh.

Habitat

Tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

Diet

Insects,fruits,beetles, centipedes, woodlice and moths. 

Range

Bangladesh,Bhutan,Nepal and India

Please don't use these images anywhere without permission. © All rights reserved by www.subcontinentbirds.com

Sources Of Information


Tuesday, March 9, 2021

Chestnut-tailed starling (Sturnia malabarica)

Chestnut-tailed starling

 














Chestnut-tailed starling (Sturnia malabarica)

Chestnut-tailed starling or grey-headed starling or grey-headed myna is a member of the starling family.Both male and female Chestnut-tailed starling birds are similar.They have grey upperparts and blackish remiges, but the colour of the remaining plumage depend on the subspecies. In the nominate subspecies and blythii, the underparts (incl. undertail) are rufous, but in nemoricola the underparts are whitish tinged rufous (especially on flanks and crissum). size 20cm.

Habitat

Open woodland and cultivation.

Diet

Insects, and worms while plant diets included fruits and nectar

Range

Sri Lanka, Bnagladesh, India, Bhutan and Nepal.

Range Map
















Please don't use these images anywhere without permission. © All rights reserved by www.subcontinentbirds.com

Sources Of Information

Birds of the Indian Subcontinent by Grimmett, Carol Inskipp and Tim Inskipp, ISBN 0-691-04910-6


Friday, February 26, 2021

Red-necked falcon ( Falco chicquera)

Red-necked falcon



























Red-necked falcon ( Falco chicquera)


Red-necked falcon bird is a medium-sized falcon has bluish grey wings and upper body, a chestnut red cap with short chin straps passing through the eye. The primary feathers of the wing are black and a single black band at the tip of the tail are distinctive.size-31-36cm.

Habitat

Occurs in open habitats with sparse vegetation and scattered trees, including riparian habitats, woodland edges, dry watercourses, and palm savanna.

Diet

Feeds mainly on small birds up the size of small dove, capturing them after dashing from an open perch below the canopy of a tree.

Range

Bangladesh, India, Bhutan,Nepal and Pakistan.

Range Map






















Please don't use these images anywhere without permission. © All rights reserved by www.subcontinentbirds.com

Sources Of Information

Birds of the Indian Subcontinent by Grimmett, Carol Inskipp and Tim Inskipp, ISBN 0-691-04910-6

Wikipedia